Doughnut Economics

Doughnut Economics is about measuring progress towards an economy with a strong social foundation and an unbroken ecological ceiling. First proposed by Oxford economist Kate Raworth in 2012 and further developed in her 2017 book Doughnut Economics: Thinking like a 21st-Century Economist, Doughnut Economics has become an increasingly popular framework in academic and policy circles. Spearheaded by the Doughnut Economics Action Lab (DEAL), practical applications of the framework are taking form, most notably on the city level.